"In 1177 B.C., marauding groups known only as the "Sea Peoples" invaded Egypt. The pharaoh's army and navy managed to defeat them, but the victory so weakened Egypt that it soon slid into decline, as did most of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized world of the Bronze Age came to an abrupt and cataclysmic end. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the course of just a few decades. No more Minoans or Mycenaeans. No more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economy and cultures of the late second millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, suddenly ceased to exist, along with writing systems, technology, and monumental architecture. But the Sea Peoples alone could not have caused such widespread breakdown. How did it happen?
In this major new account of the causes of this "First Dark Ages," Eric Cline tells the gripping story of how the end was brought about by multiple interconnected failures, ranging from invasion and revolt to earthquakes, drought, and the cutting of international trade routes. Bringing to life the vibrant multicultural world of these great civilizations, he draws a sweeping panorama of the empires and globalized peoples of the Late Bronze Age and shows that it was their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic collapse and ushered in a dark age that lasted centuries.
A compelling combination of narrative and the latest scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new light on the complex ties that gave rise to, and ultimately destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the Late Bronze Age--and that set the stage for the emergence of classical Greece."
The current crisis enveloping Germany, western Europe and most of the littoral Mediterranean is mass migration of Muslims from the Syrian civil war. It is perhaps the only analogy to suffice how best to explain mass migrations of scale that lead to the destruction of the Bronze Age, an age noted for its agriculture, stone building and war. The entire edifice collapsed in 1177 B.C. as hordes of migrants from littoral Greece, and the eastern Mediterranean quickly moved toward fresh water civilizations along the interior of Egypt and Mesopotamia. As word spread of minimal geopolitical stability and its consequent of social mobility, work, trade and sustenance; hordes of peoples throughout the eastern Mediterranean beginning in modern day Italy began moving toward Egypt and Iraq. As the influx began, it fell to resident dynasties in Egypt and Mesopotamia to assimilate and inculcate growing hordes that ultimately brought about the collapse of the Bronze Age.
Told by Princeton University professor Dr. Eric H. Cline, faculty of classics & anthropology, his book, titled 1177 B.C. The Year Civilization Collapsed is remarkable in depth, range and erudition.
Smithsonian Magazine "World War Zero" brief look at the migrating hordes that brought down the Bronze Age.
Luwian Studies: Website devoted to migrant hordes that destroyed the Bronze Age.
Luwian Studies: Trojan War & Bronze Age Collapse
Luwian Studies: Map of Initial Invasion(s) & Raids of Sea Peoples