The electron synchrotron are smaller than their proton counterparts such as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Geneva. The significance is startling because Sesame does not seek to replicate the Big Bang by smashing electrons but by studying the deep interior structure of materials themselves.
Here's how it works: the structure corrals electrons by giant magnets, as they emit radiation frequencies they are used to look into anything from metals to biological tissue. Synchrotron radiation is more intense than any other source of radiation, except nuclear fussion. Because it is safer and easier to control is it used to collect data from a smaller range of samples. Because it can penetrate matter it can demonstrate in pictoral images of high resolution, the smallest features of matter in materials.
The world has about 60 electron synchrotrons, there is only one in the Middle East. It only cost about $70 million to build because of Jordan's low labor costs. But it is a dream come true for many.
Some 25 years ago, a Nobel prize winner in physics called Dr. Abdus Salam examined the feasibility of an indigeous synchrotron for Islamic civilization. In 1997, two other physicists named Herman Winick and Gustov-Adolf Voss suggested moving one intact from Berlin to Jordan. BESSY I (one) was decommissioned and moved. In 2002, the Winick-Voss idea was scrapped in favor of building a much more powerful facility from scratch. Yet BESSY I lives on in Sesame, for it serves to boost electrons into their orbit before accelerated into their full speed in the main ring.
Using Einstein's famous equation of E=Mc2, where E is energy, M is mass and C represents the speed of light; Sesame's speed will reach 2.5bn electronvolts giving mass to electrons nearly 5,000 times their natural weight. The radiation they emit creates a beam of lines identical to x-rays.
Sesame will open with two beam lines. One will pipe infrared light through a microscope while the other passes x-rays through both oranic and inorganic samples. Sesame will read scrolls of antiquity to delicate to unfurl.
Sesame opens December 2016.