Her entire biography@ Physics Central.
Brought up in a poor suburb of the Bronx, the young Millie Dresselhaus went to some of the worst schools in New York City. "Things weren't looking to well for me, I was born in the depression - we were one of the many families on welfare". One of the positive things that happened to her was music. As a very young child, Millie received a music scholarship to attend a music school in a settlement house in Greenwich Village, New York. Through that experience she met middle class America - an echelon of society she didn't have any contact with otherwise. She quickly saw that what she was getting in her neighborhood wasn't what "luckier" children were receiving. She decided to switch to a better school, and at the age of 13 enrolled in Hunter College High School for girls.
Her entire biography@ Physics Central.
A Problem From HELL: Russian G.U.L.A.G. & The Extermination of Jewish Nuclear Intellectuals After Red October 1917
Russian Secret City Inside Arctic Circle Exclusive for Jewish Nuclear Physicists
New Release from World Scientific "PHYSICS IN A MAD WORLD" from Russian historian M. Shifman, translated by James Manteith describes in harrowing detail the secret lives of two notorious Jewish exiles.
This book tells captivating stories of misadventures of two renowned theoretical physicists in the Soviet Union.
The first part is devoted to Friedrich (Fritz) Houtermans, an outstanding Dutch–Austrian–German physicist who was the first to suggest that the source of stars' energy is thermonuclear fusion, and also made a number of other important contributions to cosmochemistry and geochemistry.
In 1935, Houtermans, a German communist, in an attempt to save his life from Hilter's Gestapo, fled to the Soviet Union. He took up an appointment at the Kharkov Physico-Technical Institute, working there for two years with the Russian physicist Valentin P Fomin.
In the Great Purge of 1937, Houtermans was arrested in December by the NKVD (Soviet Secret Police, KGB's predecessor). He was tortured, and confessed to being a Trotskyist plotter and German spy, out of fear of threats against his wife Charlotte. However, Charlotte had already escaped from the Soviet Union to Denmark, after which she went to England and finally the USA. As a result of the Hilter–Stalin Pact of 1939, Houtermans was turned over to the Gestapo in May 1940 and imprisoned in Berlin.
The second part consists of two essays that narrate the life story of Yuri Golfand, one of the codiscoverers of supersymmetry, a major discovery in theoretical physics in the 20th century. In 1973, just two years after the publication of his seminal paper, he was fired from the Lebedev Physics Institute in Moscow. Because of his Jewish origin he could find no job. Under such circumstances, he applied for an exit visa to Israel, but his application was denied. Yuri Golfand became a refusnik and joined the Human rights movement, along with two other prominent physicists, Andrei Sakharov and Yuri Orlov.
To earn his living, he had to do manual work, repeatedly being intimidated by KGB. Only 18 years later, shortly before the demise of the Soviet Union, did he obtain permission to leave the country, emigrating to Israel in 1990.
These personal life stories of two outstanding theorists are interwined with the tragedies of the 20th century and make for compelling reading.
Book excerpt on physical, psychological torture given to GULAG inmates to break them into false confessions, consequently the excerpt below led to the discovery of plutonium:
"I entered the cell which contained a single piece of furniture a wooden bunk-bed. Immediately I was shocked. On the top bed laid a corpse. The man’s face was grey and the skin was so thin that one could see every bone under it. I was terrified. “Is it possible that they’ve become so cruel? That the degree of their mockery has reached the point of putting the dead and the living together?” That was my first thought after I saw his face.
After a while he opened his eyes. He stared at me with a look of expectation, hopeful I would bring him all kinds of news, which he needed so desperately.
“Are you new? I can tell by the way you walk, you move and you look,” he said in his broken Russian. He lifted himself up and offered his thin hand for a handshake. “My name is Fritz Houtermans, a German…a physicist…a former member of the communist party…former emigrant from Nazi Germany…former professor at the Institute of Physics in Kharkov…former human being—and who are you?”
He kept himself sane by doing number theory in his head. He found a proof that the equation a3+b3=c3 has no solution for nonvanishing integers. This is not trivial. The great eighteenth-century mathematician Leonhard Euler found a proof that was somewhat faulty. Houtermans describes his attempt.
First he tried to use matches to write on soap, but that did not work. He writes:
When I found on August 6th an elementary proof for Fermat’s famous problem for n=3, which I have learned since is essentially the same as Euler’s, by “descent infinite,” I got very excited about it, because I did not know Euler’s elementary proof to exist, and I applied to the People’s Commissar of the Ukraine to get paper and pencil. (I said I wanted to work out an idea of mine on a method of radioactivity which might be of economic importance.)
When my petition was not granted, I went on a hunger strike (only declining food, not water). I was alone in the cell then and succeeded in getting pencil and paper after 8 days of hunger strike, by which time I was very much weakened since I had been in a bad state when I started. I wrote a number of theorems."
Fritz's wife would escape to the United States and teach physics at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie New York. She died in 1993.
His companion Andrei Sakharov won the Nobel Peace Prize, his acceptance speech here.
To better predict the ecological and evolutionary effects of the emerging biodiversity crisis in the modern oceans, we compared the association between extinction threat and ecological traits in modern marine animals to associations observed during past extinction events using a database of 2497 marine vertebrate and mollusc genera. We find that extinction threat in the modern oceans is strongly associated with large body size, whereas past extinction events were either nonselective or preferentially removed smaller-bodied taxa. Pelagic (coastal and middle dwelling ocenic fish) animals were victimized more than benthic (bottom dwelling) animals during previous mass extinctions but are not preferentially threatened in the modern ocean. The differential importance of large-bodied animals to ecosystem function portends greater future ecological disruption than that caused by similar levels of taxonomic loss in past mass extinction events.
(Photo: The IceCube Neutrino Observatory (or simply IceCube) is a neutrino telescope constructed at the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station in Antarctica.
Its thousands of sensors are distributed over a cubic kilometre of volume under the Antarctic ice. Similar to its predecessor, the Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array (AMANDA), IceCube consists of spherical optical sensors called Digital Optical Modules (DOMs), each with a photomultiplier tube (PMT) and a single board data acquisition computer which sends digital data to the counting house on the surface above the array. IceCube was completed on 18 December 2010.
DOMs are deployed on "strings" of sixty modules each at depths ranging from 1,450 to 2,450 meters, into holes melted in the ice using a hot water drill. IceCube is designed to look for point sources of neutrinos in the TeV range to explore the highest-energy astrophysical processes.
In November 2013 it was announced that IceCube had detected 28 neutrinos that likely originated outside of the Solar System.
The reason why Newtonian thought is insufficient for GPS devices is because it cannot account for the components intrinsic to the very fabric of reality itself, namely the the analogous relation between space & time, known as the space time continuum. Newton thought only in terms objectified as objects. Einstein's thinking was different, he didn't think in terms of discrete objects, but RELATIONS.
Einstein's thinking is embodied in this picture of Earth depicted relative to the space/time continuum (relation).
A complete explanation of Einstein's achievement is given in this article, it explains how a shift in thinking from discrete objects (Newtonian) to relations (Einstein's concept of relativity) helps account for GPS devices (satellites).
Growing up in rural Ireland during an ascendant murderous I.R.A. seeking revenge on England was enough for young Seamus to seek refuge in manual labor and writing.
Only someone with the courage of Lincoln could strive to outpace the poverty British colonial life bequeathed to those living under its genocidal tutelage. For most, satanic violence was the only way out from the suffocating confines of 'the troubles'.
Seamus Heaney's Nobel Prize Acceptance Lecture speaks to those that seek new life amid carnage. It is a great place to start for parents to begin, as they seek to teach their children how to write well. Here, Seamus teaches of time, movement and events that was pre-sexual, pre-literate.
Team Class Oracle will be presenting a writing program to help families introduce their children to the capacity for self expression in writing. We begin by having parents read Heaney's Noble Lecture, as he confronts both a genocidal colonial legacy and the sources that helped secure an enduring gift.
Seamus Heaney, Winner of the 1995 Nobel Prize for Literature
It is now thirty years since the discovery of AIDS but its origins continue to puzzle doctors and scientists. Inspired by his own experiences working as an infectious diseases physician in Africa, Jacques Pepin looks back to the early twentieth-century events in Africa that triggered the emergence of HIV/AIDS and traces its subsequent development into the most dramatic and destructive epidemic of modern times.
He shows how the disease was first transmitted from chimpanzees to man and then how urbanization, prostitution, and large-scale colonial medical campaigns intended to eradicate tropical diseases combined to disastrous effect to fuel the spread of the virus from its origins in Léopoldville to the rest of Africa, the Caribbean and ultimately worldwide.
This is an essential new perspective on HIV/AIDS and on the lessons that must be learnt if we are to avoid provoking another pandemic in the future. Comprehensive and coherent history of events that led to the global HIV/AIDS pandemic. This book adds historical perspective to recent molecular work on the chronology of the development of the virus
Emphasizes how colonialism, the urbanization of central Africa, as well as interventions to control tropical diseases, created the right environment for HIV/AIDS to develop.
Jacques Pepin, Author
Vaccinations Against Leprosy, Nigeria 1950's
Children in Nioki in the early 1980s
HIV, Artist Interpretation
Contemporary achievements in physics today happen within the confines of cellular life. Applied micro-biology remains the final frontier where physics discovers the limits of its lofty abstract ideas.
Currently, you'll find the best scientists hovering around the Mid-Atlantic Ridge under the sea. It is this aquatic environment, highly rich in amino acids where scientists apply new techniques in cellular environments.
Orthodox Christians continue to discover the relevancy of the papal encyclical 'Humani Generis', only to discover the very limits that physical anthropologists ignore in their assessment of human origins.
Harry Jaffa had it right: the proponents of militant evolution, inherent in Darwinism, is to reduce or deny man's humanity to the outcome of a blind struggle of material forces. This denies, the very ground in nature and reason, of man's personal, political freedom.
'Your Inner Fish' is the latest attempt to synthesize archeology, biology and physical anthropology. Where Dr. Shubin asks 'why we look the way we do?'
Neil Shubin, the paleontologist and professor of anatomy who co-discovered Tiktaalik, the “fish with hands,” tells the story of our bodies as you've never heard it before.
By examining fossils and DNA, he shows us that our hands actually resemble fish fins, our heads are organized like long-extinct jawless fish, and major parts of our genomes look and function like those of worms and bacteria.
Your Inner Fish makes us look at ourselves and our world in an illuminating new light. This is science writing at its finest—enlightening, accessible and told with irresistible enthusiasm.
Although Einstein was the greatest genius of the twentieth century, many of his groundbreaking discoveries were blighted by mistakes, ranging from serious errors in mathematics to bad misconceptions in physics and failures to grasp the subtleties of his own creations. This forensic biography dissects Einstein’s scientific mistakes and places them in the context of his turbulent life and times. In lively, accessible prose, Hans C. Ohanian paints a fresh, insightful portrait of the real Einstein at work, in contrast to the uncritical celebrity worship found in many biographies.
Of the approximately 180 original scientific papers that Einstein published in his lifetime, about 40 are infested with mistakes. For instance, Einstein’s first mathematical proof of the famous formula E = mc2 was incomplete and only approximately valid; he struggled with this problem for many years, but he never found a complete proof (better mathematicians did). Einstein was often lured by irrational and mystical inspirations, but his extraordinary intuition about physics permitted him to discover profound truths despite—and sometimes because of—the mistakes he made along the way. He was a sleepwalker: his intuition told him where he needed to go, and he somehow managed to get there without quite knowing how.
As this book persuasively argues, the defining hallmark of Einstein’s genius was not any special mathematical ability but an uncanny talent to use his mistakes as stepping stones to formulate his revolutionary theories.
By the author of the acclaimed bestsellers Benjamin Franklin and Steve Jobs, this is the definitive biography of Albert Einstein.
This biography seeks to delineate the contours of Einstein's personality that shaped his personal conviction to pursue physics outside the myopic confines of mathematics. For students or parents intimidated by math, read Isaacson's biography of Einstein to discover how achievements in physics don't require adherence to math.
How did his mind work? What made him a genius? Isaacson’s biography shows how his scientific imagination sprang from the rebellious nature of his personality. His fascinating story is a testament to the connection between creativity and freedom.
Based on newly released personal letters of Einstein, this book explores how an imaginative, impertinent patent clerk—a struggling father in a difficult marriage who couldn’t get a teaching job or a doctorate—became the mind reader of the creator of the cosmos, the locksmith of the mysteries of the atom, and the universe. His success came from questioning conventional wisdom and marveling at mysteries that struck others as mundane. This led him to embrace a morality and politics based on respect for free minds, free spirits, and free individuals.
These traits are just as vital for this new century of globalization, in which our success will depend on our creativity, as they were for the beginning of the last century, when Einstein helped usher in the modern age.
Thought leadership series is devoted to examining advanced studies for students and parents who demonstrate exceptional ability in multiple disciplines. We seek to advance seminars and forums for the review of professional literature for enrichment.