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NEIGHBORS man looked in surprise. It was an English sparrow. The scared bird had built himself a nest in a hole that either he had found or burrowed there. Talk about feather beds! The inside of that hole was just packed with chicken feathers. That sparrow must have been a week or two picking them up, one by one, about the country, for the man does not keep chickens. It was certainly too bad to be driven out of doors in such weather, for it was very cold, and the sun was well along in the western sky. How would you like it to be turned out of bed and house on a cold winters afternoon to hunt any old place you could find? Well, just about that time the cardinal came along. I do not know whether he understood how the sparrow had been misused or not; but, anyway, he made some remarks that the man thought were certainly meant for him. If you do not know it, let me tell you that the cardinal can whistle, in a startling way, sounds that seem almost like words. This time the cardinal seemed to be angry.
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SCARLET TANAGERSUMMER TANAGER RED-HEADED WOODPECKER CARDINAL GROSBEAK DOWNY WOODPECKER THE NEIGHBOR IN RED If he understood what had happened, he had reason to be. Look here! look here! whistled the cardinal. Of course the man did look. But Mr. Cardinal did not seem at all afraid to talk up to the man. The bird came a little nearer, tipped his head to one side, and flirted his tail. Then he whistled again. See here! See here! Well, said the man to himself, I guessI have stirred up a bit of a tempest. I certainly did not mean any harm to the bird fraternity. The man stepped back a pace or two, and paused again to hear the cardinal whistle once more. This time the words seemed somewhat different. You fear! You fear! At this the cardinal whisked about and sounded a chip of seeming indignation. Come here! Come here! screamed the cardinal. But the man was of a peaceable nature, and did not intend to quarrel with any bird, MY GARDEN NEIGHBORS much less the cardinal.
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mer Eedbird]. Ea^^ge.—Southeastern United States and northern South America. Breeds in Carolinian and Austroriparianzones from southeastern Nebraska, southern Iowa, south-eastern Wisconsin, central Indiana, southern Ohio, Maryland (formerly New Jersey), and Delaware south to northeastern Mexico and central Florida; winters from central Mexico and Yucatan to Ecuador, Peru, and Guiana; stragglers north to ISTew Brunswick, Quebec, Nova Scotia, Maine, and Ontario; migrant in western Cuba; accidental in the Bahamas. A beautiful bird, especially the male, but a lazy pair when it comes down to nest building. Seldom it is that you cant walk along some path on the edge of a piece of woods, or that bordering the main country road, and look up through a flimsy-made nest of these birds, and see the eggs. In this respect they may be classed with the Mourning Dove and the Green Heron. Don't misjudge these remarks and think you can go along any road or path and see nests easily, for they are not an over-common
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SUMME-E TANAGER Ct-Paal-K OF VIRGINIA 251 bird with us, though suitable localities seldom fail to have their single pair. The casual observer is ajDt to confuse them with the Cardinal, especially during the breeding season, on account of the height of the nest, often not six feet from the ground. The nest is placed on the crotch of a lower limb of a tree, an oak, dogwood or pine, generally. Three to four eggs is a complete set with us, apale bluish-green, spotted and blotched with reddish-brown. Size, .92x.64. Fresh eggs May 20th to June12th. They do not winter with us. Kest composed offine straws or grasses, loosely made, or woven together.Only one brood a season. The spring migratory birds reach us about April 17th, and depart southward August 5th to. 8th. Their song is uttered from the tree tops,seldom when in close proximity to the nest or ground,and is rather pleasing to the ear, though it never varies,being confined to three notes, and a short stanza similarto the Red-eyed Vireo.
Donald and Lillian Stokes are widely recongized as America's foremost authorities on birds and nature. Their newest book, The Stokes Field Guide to the Birds of North America is the most comprehensive photographic field guide to birds ever published. They have written more than thirty other books, which have cumulatively sold more than 4.5 million copies, including the bestselling Stokes Field Guide to Birds (Eastern and Western editions), the Stokes Beginner's Guide to Birds, the Stokes Nature Guides, and the Stokes Backyard Nature Books. They have hosted a popular public television series, Stokes Birds at Home, and offer current birding information on their Stokes Birding Blog, which features Lillian Stokes's stunning photography.
".. in the journal Cell, researchers report that the bacterium was infecting people as long as 5,000 years ago.
"...Exactly what those early outbreaks were like is impossible to know. But the authors of the new study suggest that plague epidemics in the Bronze Age may have opened the doors to waves of migrants in regions decimated by disease.
“To my mind, this leaves little doubt that this has played a major role in those population replacements,” said Eske Willerslev, a co-author of the new study and the director of the Center for GeoGenetics at the University of Copenhagen.
"David M. Wagner, a microbial geneticist at Northern Arizona University who was not involved in the study, said that the new research should prompt other scientists to look at mysterious outbreaks in early history, such as the epidemic that devastated Athens during the Peloponnesian War. “It opens up whole new areas of research,” he said...."