Red-haired people are often seen as easy targets for mockery. The reality is actually pretty painful. History has not been kind to redheads. In fact, Ancient Greece saw them lumped in with another minority, and what’s worse a fictional one… vampires!
How did this weirdness come to pass? The saga of resentment and mistrust is thought to stretch back to the time of Christ. Indeed, one of the Bible’s most notorious figures was portrayed as a redhead.
Website The Myths and Histories of Red Hair writes, “There are legends that link vampires with both red hair and Judas. It’s said that Judas became the first vampire when he committed suicide following his betrayal of Christ.”
t was believed the “thirty pieces of silver he received for this betrayal” became “a weapon that could be used against him, burning his skin with its touch. Much like the way a crucifix burns vampires in B-movies”.
Those of a fiery appearance were branded undesirable in religious eyes. Or were they in fact desirable? So much so that it was a sin…?
Jewish mythology reaches even further back, detailing the appearance of Lilith, a comely demon who wreaked sensual havoc in the Garden of Eden.
Lilith preceded Eve in Adam’s affections. A 2017 Daily Mail article explains how ultimately she “refused to be subservient to Adam and left him — leading to her being both demonized as sinful and hailed as a liberator of women. Naturally, Lilith is often represented as a redhead.”
Connections have been made between redheads and witchcraft. Adding insult to injury, the Egyptians reportedly sacrificed them by burying them alive to avoid bad luck!
NYPOST.COM- SCIENCE SHOWS REDHEADS HAVE GENETIC SUPERPOWERS
Ukraine has witnessed a surge in reviving what is believed to represent their ancient culture, which dates to pre-Christian times. This revival found its way into art and fashion, where it is probably most visible. However, the Ukrainians are not exclusively enjoying the expression of their national identity — the global fashion world is enthralled by some of the pieces they have brought to the table.
The Slavic workshop Treti Pivni (translated as Third Rooster) has done a remarkable photo series with women and children in traditional Ukrainian headdresses. The team is made of photographers, stylists, and makeup artists who have fallen in love with this beautiful decorative tradition.
As reported by Vogue, “This wave of supporting homegrown designers and local production has contributed to a revival of Ukrainian folk staples, most noticeably the much-blogged-about vyshyvanka and zhupan, courtesy of contemporary Kiev-based designers like Vita Kin and Yuliya Magdych.”
One of the additions to the list is the vinok, a traditional and amazingly crafted flower crown. Vinoks were a part of Ukrainian culture for centuries before being banned under communism, along with many other diverse national traditions. The traditional symbolism was worn only by bold individuals who wanted to openly defy the dominant system. The use of vinoks and similar items was closely monitored all throughout Soviet rule, but especially in the 70s and 80s.
Now Ukrainians have begun to turn back towards what is thought to be traditionally theirs. The positive feelings towards this symbolism have spread very fast. Nowadays, vinoks are sold all throughout the country — you can even buy one at a metro-station kiosk. These disposable vinoks are made of fake roses and daffodils and spiced up with colorful ribbons.
Notwithstanding their more than pleasing hippy-like aesthetic, for Ukrainians, the vinok is so much more than an accessory. The intricate flower wreaths were used to signify the status of females in society. Young girls would decorate their hair with flowers and ribbons making a simple head band. In summer and spring, they would use fresh flowers, and in winter they crafted fake ones from paper and cloth.
When the girls reached maturity and were ready for courtship the wreaths would become ever more detailed and intricate. Specific flowers and designs would differentiate girls that are to be approached with wedding offers and those who are yet to come of age. Alexandre Mihailovic, a specialist in Slavic Literature explained for Vogue, “The latter practice in Ukraine of wearing the wreath is meant to signal the purity of a young woman before marriage.”
At a wedding, female friends of the bride would weave the most beautiful flowery headpieces they had ever worn. Incredibly, they managed to weave the whole piece in only one day. As Mihailovic shared, “In both Ukraine and Russia, both spouses-to-be would wear crowns during the wedding ceremony, apparently continuing an ancient tradition from Byzantium.” However, the Ukrainian case is different as in Russia unmarried girls did not wear headpieces.
THEVINTAGENEWS.COM- article and amazing photos
How the Earth moves through the space? Here is an impressive visualization of how our planet is moving through the space.
The old reels of 16-millimeter film give off the sour, tangy smell of vinegar. These rusty film cans and little curlicues of movie clippings were hauled out of South Arabia more than 60 years ago, and some of them haven’t been watched since. Now they fill a storage room of the Smithsonian Arthur M. Sackler Gallery with the distinctive odor of decaying acetate. The first reel has just been digitized, and it’s playing on a nearby computer screen now.
The moonscape of the Yemeni desert scrolls by. There are close-ups of toiling camels, and huge, quarrelsome spiders, and regal dancing girls, their hair dipped in camel urine to keep it smooth. Archaeologists with sunburned necks whisk away at hunks of limestone.
And then a skinny, rather pale figure appears on-screen in aviator shades and a red-and-white headdress, a pair of pearl-handled Colt pistols by his side. He looks rough and dashing—and also a bit like a boy playing dress up.
“That’s Wendell! He’s drawing his .45! Fantastic!” shouts Rocky Korr, a retired collections manager who remains the museum’s reigning expert on the mid-century explorer Wendell Phillips. Korr, like me, is witnessing these scenes for the first time. “No one has seen this. No one has seen this. Oh, fabulous— now he’s shooting!”
A hapless can of peaches hops around in the sand as Phillips sprays bullets, but it’s a little unclear what he is aiming for. He styled himself a steely-eyed gunslinger, bragging that his personally engraved six-shooters were his “most valuable insurance policy.” Yet he seems to have used them mostly to intimidate the giant spiders, and to entertain the Bedouin locals. And of course, Colt was one of his expedition’s sponsors.
It’s difficult to overstate how famous Phillips was in the 1940s and ’50s, when—at the tender age of 26, with no credentials, training or connections—he organized a series of daring and extravagant archaeological quests in Africa and the Middle East, culminating in Yemen, where he led the first-ever American dig to a nearly disastrous end. Upon his return to America, Phillips was named one of the Top Ten Young Men of 1954, alongside Chuck Yeager and Robert Kennedy, and Lowell Thomas heralded him as “America’s Lawrence of Arabia.”
Rumors have even circulated that Phillips could have provided an inspiration for the character of Indiana Jones. He once described being served a dish of eyeballs in a sultan’s palace while getting fanned by palm fronds. He staffed his expeditions with beautiful women, including a truck driver with “the figure of a mannequin” and a 19-year-old secretary so attractive that he feared she would be annexed into a local harem. He talked of discovering buried treasure and pledged to find traces of the Queen of Sheba. Indeed, he brought his own movie cameras into the desert, took countless publicity pictures, held international press conferences and telegrammed President Truman, all in between visits to his mom.
Hollywood flourishes aside, Phillips also delivered the goods, gathering over several field seasons what’s still considered to be one of the finest and most coherent collections of ancient Yemeni artifacts outside of South Arabia, housed partially in the Smithsonian. The collection’s scholarly significance has only increased in recent years, as excavation work in Yemen is at a standstill due to the country’s civil war and intensifying humanitarian crisis.
All of which makes it fascinating that this extremely memorable, manically accomplished man, who was born almost penniless but was rumored to be one of the wealthiest Americans when he died in 1975, has by now been all but forgotten. Today his archaeological colleagues are mostly gone, and Phillips left no children—his closest living relative is his younger sister, who still controls much of his collection.
We are all pebbles dropped in the sea of history, where the splash strikes one way and the big tides run another, and though what we feel is the splash, the splash takes place only within those tides. In almost every case, the incoming current drowns the splash; once in a while the drop of the pebble changes the way the ocean runs.
On February 12, 1809, two boys were born within a few hours of each other on either side of the Atlantic. One entered life in a comfortable family home, nicely called the Mount, that still stands in the leafy English countryside of Shrewsbury, Shropshire; the other opened his eyes for the first time in a nameless, long-lost log cabin in the Kentucky woods.
Charles Darwin was the fifth of six children, born into comfort but to a family that was far from "safe," with a long history of free-thinking and radical beliefs. He came into a world of learning and money—one grandfather, Josiah Wedgwood, had made a fortune in ceramic plates. Abraham Lincoln was the second of three, born to a dirt-poor farmer, Thomas Lincoln, who, when he wrote his name at all, wrote it (his son recalled) "bunglingly."
As modern cities become increasingly crowded, innovative interior designers are constantly looking for new ways to create space-efficient furniture designs. These efforts are particularly relevant for small apartments in cities such as London, Paris and New York, where space comes at a premium.
It may come as a surprise, however, that furniture designers have gone all the way back to the medieval past to find inspiration. According to interior design blog Apartment Therapy, a 600-year old Breton design has been making a comeback: the so-called “box bed” is the new trend in efficient, stylish interiors.
Even if you could find one, you probably wouldn’t really want to add a medieval box bed to your apartment. (Just imagine the trouble of getting it up the stairs.) But re-creating something similar with curtains hung from the ceiling could be a great solution for a creating privacy in a small space. And with living space growing more and more precious as more people move to urban areas, the enclosed bed could be an elegant solution for creating privacy in a very small apartment. Architects, take note.
The name of Joseph Dombey can be found in many 18th century botanical textbooks but remains largely forgotten in our time. Even though the French botanist was a man of science, on several occasions Dombey was involved in political affairs, which ultimately led to his death in 1794 at the hands of British privateers.
He had encountered the British several times previously, as his botanical collections shipped from South America to France were intercepted, captured, and sent to the British Museum where they are exhibited to this day. The Spaniards also confiscated one of his South American specimen collections.
From the 1790s up until the fall of Napoleon in 1815, Great Britain and France were effectively in constant conflict, with periodical ceasefires. This made all French ships traveling the Atlantic a legitimate target, and vice-versa.
During his final voyage in 1794, Dombey was on his way to the United States, where he was to present the French measurement standards representing one meter and one grave―an old measure for weight that was replaced by the kilogram. The United States had declared independence from the United Kingdom some 18 years earlier, but kept the traditional British system of weights and measures.
Thomas Jefferson, an admirer of French scientific achievements, wanted to host Dombey, who was primarily sent to strengthen the ties between France and the U.S. by signing an agricultural agreement.
Jefferson was at the time lobbying Congress to abandon the British measures in favor of the French system, which was the predecessor of the metric system that is used in most countries today. For this, he needed an experienced scientist like Dombey and the physical objects made of copper, representing the length and the weight of the new measures.
WIKIPEDIA.COM- JOSEPH DOMBEY
Scientists think they've identified a previously unknown form of neural communication that self-propagates across brain tissue, and can leap wirelessly from neurons in one section of brain tissue to another – even if they've been surgically severed.
The discovery offers some radical new insights about the way neurons might be talking to one another, via a mysterious process unrelated to conventionally understood mechanisms, such as synaptic transmission, axonal transport, and gap junction connections.
"We don't know yet the 'So what?' part of this discovery entirely," says neural and biomedical engineer Dominique Durand from Case Western Reserve University.
"But we do know that this seems to be an entirely new form of communication in the brain, so we are very excited about this."
Before this, scientists already knew there was more to neural communication than the above-mentioned connections that have been studied in detail, such as synaptic transmission.
For example, researchers have been aware for decades that the brain exhibits slow waves of neural oscillations whose purpose we don't understand, but which appear in the cortex and hippocampus when we sleep, and so are hypothesised to play a part in memory consolidation.
"The functional relevance of this input‐ and output‐decoupled slow network rhythm remains a mystery," explains neuroscientist Clayton Dickinson from the University of Alberta, who wasn't involved in the new research but has discussed it in a perspective article.
"But [it's] one that will probably be solved by an elucidation of both the cellular and the inter‐cellular mechanisms giving rise to it in the first place."
To that end, Durand and his team investigated slow periodic activity in vitro, studying the brain waves in hippocampal slices extracted from decapitated mice.
What they found was that slow periodic activity can generate electric fields which in turn activate neighbouring cells, constituting a form of neural communication without chemical synaptic transmission or gap junctions.
"We've known about these waves for a long time, but no one knows their exact function and no one believed they could spontaneously propagate," Durand says.
"I've been studying the hippocampus, itself just one small part of the brain, for 40 years and it keeps surprising me."
This neural activity can actually be modulated - strengthened or blocked - by applying weak electrical fields and could be an analogue form of another cell communication method, called ephaptic coupling.
The team's most radical finding was that these electrical fields can activate neurons through a complete gap in severed brain tissue, when the two pieces remain in close physical proximity.
"To ensure that the slice was completely cut, the two pieces of tissue were separated and then rejoined while a clear gap was observed under the surgical microscope," the authors explain in their paper.
"The slow hippocampal periodic activity could indeed generate an event on the other side of a complete cut through the whole slice."
If you think that sounds freaky, you're not the only one. The review committee at The Journal of Physiology – in which the research has been published – insisted the experiments be completed again before agreeing to print the study.
Durand et al. dutifully complied, but sound pretty understanding of the cautiousness, all things considered, given the unprecedented weirdness of the observation they're reporting.
"It was a jaw-dropping moment," Durand says, "for us and for every scientist we told about this so far."
"But every experiment we've done since to test it has confirmed it so far."
It'll take a lot more research to figure out if this bizarre form of neural communication is taking place in human brains – let alone decoding what exact function it performs – but for now, we've got new science that's shocking in all kinds of ways, as Dickson adroitly observes.
"While it remains to be seen if the [findings] are relevant to spontaneous slow rhythms that occur in both cortical and hippocampal tissue in situ during sleep and sleep‐like states," Dickson writes, "they should probably (and quite literally) electrify the field."
The findings are reported in The Journal of Physiology.